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Overview of Requirements for US citizenship and Application Process

Satisfying the requirements for US citizenship of the bureau of citizenship and immigration services can be a long, frustrating, and difficult experience. There are many important choices to make in the confusing process of immigration into the United States. This site was created to give you the information you need to make the right decision.

However, it cannot in any way replace good advice free immigration legal counsel about the applicable procedures and laws to each specific case. On this note, if you have not already done so, stop right now and read our homepage. It is full of surprising information that could save you a great deal of time and money. Once you have read through the homepage, come back here to find out more about your particular situation.

Ready to find out what it takes to fulfill all the requirements for US citizenship? Keep reading to find out everything you need to know…

Foreign-born persons are able to obtain US citizenship in the United States through a process called Naturalization.
US citizenship

According to the requirements for US citizenship, once the bureau citizenship and immigration services grants citizenship to the individual, the foreign-born person is granted all of the rights American born persons have, for example the right to vote, the right to governmental jobs and the freedom to travel with an American passport which provides entry without a visa into many countries. If the individual satisfies all the requirements for US citizenship, a key benefit a naturalization applicant will derive once granted citizenship is the ability to petition for an immediate family member through a much faster petitioning process. It is important to note however, that there are a number of requirements for US citizenship. These requirements are discussed below.

Who is Eligible?

In most situations, a person is eligible to apply for Naturalization, if they meet the following requirements for US citizenship:

  • Applicant has been a lawful permanent resident for five years (or three years for spouses of United States Citizens)
  • Applicant is 18 years old
  • Applicant is of good moral character
  • Applicant can speak, read, and write English
  • Applicant must pass a test on U.S. history and government
  • Applicant was physically present in the U.S. at least half the requisite time
  • Applicant has maintained lawful permanent residence continuously
  • Applicant swears loyalty to the U.S. by taking an oath of allegiance
(Note: According to the requirements for US citizenship, minor children of U.S. naturalization applicants may also be eligible and included in a naturalization application, under certain circumstances.)

Visa Duration

As long as you satisfy all the requirements for US citizenship, US citizenship does not expire. However, it can be voided or withdrawn (i.e. when a person commits certain types of crimes).


As long as all the requirements for US citizenship are fulfilled, US Citizenship documents do not have to be renewed.

Family Benefits

Once you fulfill all requirements for US citizenship, certain family members may be immediately eligible to receive citizenship, such as minor children. Others are eligible to receive a green card with shorter wait periods than family members of lawful permanent residents (green card holders).

What documents will I need to fulfill the requirements for US citizenship?

To satisfy all the requirements for US citizenship of the bureau citizenship and immigration services, you will need the following documents:
  • Birth Certificate(s)
  • Copy of Legal Permanent Residency Document
  • Marriage Certificate (if applying because of marriage to a United States Citizen)
  • Employment and residence history for the last five years
  • List of trips taken outside of the U.S. during the last five years
  • Two passport size photographs on white background

What does the process entail?

Stage 1:

To satisfy the requirements for US citizenship, you must prepare and file form N-400 (Application for Naturalization) with the appropriate filing fees at the bureau citizenship and immigration services center in your district.

Stage 2:

Once the application is submitted, the applicant will receive notice from the bureau citizenship and immigration services center notifying it of a fingerprint appointment date. Appearance at the fingerprint appointments are requirements for US citizenship. Hence, the individual shall appear at his or her fingerprinting appointment at the date stated on the notice sent by the bureau citizenship and immigration services center.

The individual must prepare for and appear for all meetings and interviews scheduled by the bureau citizenship and immigration services as the interviews are requirements for US citizenship. (Note: failure to attend scheduled meetings may result in a denial of naturalization as they are requirements for US citizenship).

One must attend the citizenship interview before an immigration officer wherein the officer will ask immigration citizenship questions. You should study the 100 questions citizenship test in this website and prepare through a sample citizenship interview. The immigration test answers are also included on this website. You should review the answers United States immigration test and take the sample test several times in preparation of the citizenship interview.

Through the US immigration test, the officer of the bureau citizenship and immigration services will test the applicant's knowledge of U.S. civics and government, and English literacy tests. Study the attached US immigration test questions to prepare but know that during the actual citizenship interview, you may be asked only a few immigration citizenship questions. Still, it is best to overprepare for these procedures as to feel more relaxed during the interview.

It is recommended that you seek the counsel and representation of a citizenship lawyer who may provide you official US citizenship and immigration information about the applicable laws to your specific case. Immigration lawyers in USA commonly referred to as citizenship lawyer may also conduct a sample citizenship interview with you to give you a clear idea as to what to expect on the day of the actual US citizenship interview. A citizenship lawyer will also be able to give you the immigration citizenship questions (100 questions citizenship test) along with answers to the US immigration test.

Also, to obtain more information and free worksheets for citizenship, the 100 questions citizenship test, and answers for United States Immigration test, you can contact the bureau citizenship and immigration services.

Once the applicant satisfies the above requirements for US citizenship, if the applicant satisfies the interviewing officer and the alien's file is complete, the applicant will then be scheduled for a swearing in ceremony. To completely fulfill the requirements for US citizenship, the individual must attend and participate in the swearing in ceremony.

Stage 3:

Once the individual satisfies all the above listed requirements for US citizenship, the applicant is given an appointment notice with an attached list of questions that must be submitted at the swearing in ceremony. This is to ensure that the applicant has maintained their lawful presence and good moral character (requirements for US citizenship) between the time of the interview and the swearing in ceremony. Once the form is submitted, the applicant will be sworn in. The applicant must turn in their I-551 card (Legal Permanent Residency Document or "green card") and is then subsequently issued a naturalization certificate. At this point, the applicant has fulfilled all applicable requirements for US citizenship and is an official U.S. Citizen!!!




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